Children’s anxiety is increasingly a concerning matter that needs addressing. They also have worries, fears, and hopelessness from time to time. During their development, children feel afraid and sad due to many reasons.

If you care for examples, then toddlers are one that we may look at. Toddlers feel afraid and distressed at the thought of being away from their parents. Although such fears and sadness are common, however, if the fear and sadness persist, it could be due to depression and anxiety.

The reasons are the involvement of feelings and thoughts, which are called internalizing disorders. So, what are the causes of children’s anxiety? Please go through this article to learn more about the same.

What Are The Reasons For A Child’s Anxiety?   

What Are The Reasons For A Child’s Anxiety

Similar to adults, it is common for children to feel anxious and depressed. However, when it starts interfering with their development and well-being, anxiety takes a toll on children.

The main problem is that most of us have no clue about what caused the anxiety in the first place. The first stage of anxiety among children is during the age between six months to three years. During this phase, they suffer from separation anxiety. They are afraid to be away from their parents and tend to act clingy.

When children enter preschool age, they develop different fears and phobias that relate to certain things. Some examples of things they develop a phobia about are – animals, heights, storms, water, insects, blood, and the dark. However, as they grow up, these fears start to subside.

However, once they overcome these fears, new ones start to grow in their places. For example, children become afraid of going to a new school or attending exams. Some of them are also shy around people and in social situations. When offered support, they can also overcome these situations.

When Is Children’s Anxiety A Problem?   

The reasons and examples explained before are some of the instances of children’s anxiety. Since most of them subside with time and through the child’s development process, there is no need to worry. However, problems start to appear when these problems do not outgrow the fear. They become more and more intense, getting in the way of the children’s development.

In time, anxiety gets in the way of their daily routine.  For example, sometimes, they feel extreme anxiety during the day of exams. During those days, some children are very afraid to go to school.

As it grows stronger, children’s anxiety can hinder their emotional well-being and affect their self-esteem and confidence. They become more withdrawn and feel anxious, making them avoid certain situations.

What Causes Children’s Anxiety?   

What Causes Children’s Anxiety

While some of them are usually more anxious and sensitive from the moment they are born, some children develop anxiety over time. Some of them are more able to cope with them, while some of them are not. Also, being around anxious people makes children pick up anxious behaviors.

However, usually, some stressful environments are also responsible for children developing anxious behavior. Here are some of the reasons that cause anxiety among children.

  • Frequently moving from one house to another or from one school to another school.
  • Parents arguing, or fighting can also develop children’s anxiety.
  • Serious illness or any injury or accident may also cause anxiety among children.
  • Issues related to their schools ( exams or bullying) may also cause anxiety.
  • Being neglected.
  • Death of someone close.

Some children tend to have more problems with anxiety compared to others. Children with ADHD and autistic spectrum problems tend to have more problems related to anxiety.

Different Childhood Anxiety Symptoms  

Young children don’t know ways of expressing anxiety since they cannot understand their emotions and express their feelings. However, they show some signs.

  • First, they become irritable, clingy, and tearful.
  • They find it difficult to sleep.
  • Having bad dreams.
  • Waking up in the middle of the night.
  • Wetting the bed.

Here are some signs of children’s anxiety visible among older children –

  • Inability and lack of confidence to try new things. They find it difficult to face everyday challenges.
  • It is difficult for them to concentrate.
  • Sleeping and eating disorders.
  • Anger outbursts.
  • Having negative thoughts and feeling like bad things are going to happen to them.
  • Avoiding daily activities like doing homework and avoiding going out with friends.

Types Of Childhood Anxiety

Similar to adults, children can also have various different kinds of anxiety disorders. It can be something like separation anxiety to panic attacks. Some symptoms of anxiety are easy to spot but some are hard to find. The different types of anxiety are:

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is the one where the child is excessively scared of being separated from their caregivers or parents. This is a very common type of anxiety in young children and this mostly starts to resolve on its own once the child reaches the age of three or four. The signs and symptoms of separation anxiety are easy to spot. It involves refusing to leave their caregiver or parents while going to school, or when their parents leave them for work. They might even refuse to sleep alone.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

A child with this type of anxiety shows excessive fear and is scared for a time period of six months or more. There are a lot of things surrounding them that can trigger them. they might be anxious about school, friends, and work as well. 

They find it difficult to control the feeling of worry and that cases them distress in various ways. They find it very difficult to concentrate on one thing. They might show physical symptoms like muscle aches, headaches, and abdominal pain. Some of the other symptoms are:

  • Excessive tension about their daily routines and activities.
  • Unrealistic fear that is not specific to any situation.
  • Constant worrying about the future.
  • Difficulty in dialing down the tension.
  • Needing to be reassured every once in a while.
  • Excessive fear and concern about meeting other’s expectations.

Specific Phobias

There are various specific phobias that a child develops. In this type of anxiety, their fear is triggered by some specific things only, like swimming pools, spiders, being left alone or thunderstorms,s and many others.

They might cry when put in those situations and try being close to their parents when they are around. But children outgrow these fears with growing age.

Panic Attacks

Panic attacks are not common among kids, this form of anxiety develops in the later years when they are reaching their adolescence. Along with the in comfort and intense fear, there are a few other symptoms that come along from the lust given below.

  • Getting detached from themselves and feeling unreal.
  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness
  • Feeling chocked
  • Getting chills, or feeling hot
  • Shortess of breath
  • Abdominal pain or nausea
  • Fear of losing control
  • Feeling numb or getting a tingling sensation
  • Increased heart rate or palpitation
  • Sweating
  • shaking

Ways To Help Children With Anxiety   

Ways To Help Children With Anxiety

Here are some of the ways to help children who have anxiety.

1. Understand How They Feel  

Parents can take different measures to help their children’s anxiety. First among all the solutions is to understand how the children feel. As a parent, you should talk to your children about their feeling and listen to them.  You should understand their feelings first and recognize them without any questioning.

2. Help Them Understand About Anxiety   

If your child is older and able to understand, you can explain it to them. You should explain how anxiety affects their physical attributes and their lives.  You can resort to explanations like – it is a wave that sways you and ebbs away again.

3. Help Them Find Solutions   

You should also help them find solutions regarding anxiety and see how they can apply them. You should recognize their condition and let them overcome difficulties that stop them from doing routine work or attending different social gatherings (even a sleepover).

4. Create A Calm Environment  

Create a calm and relaxing environment at home. This includes reducing noise, avoiding chaotic situations, and setting aside time for relaxation.

5. Teach Coping Strategies  

Teach your child relaxation techniques like deep breathing, mindfulness, or yoga. Help them practice these techniques regularly, so they become a habit.

6. Promote Healthy Habits  

Encourage your child to exercise regularly, eat a balanced diet, and get enough sleep. These healthy habits can reduce anxiety and improve overall well-being.

7. Seek Professional Help  

If your child’s anxiety becomes severe or interferes with their daily life, you should seek professional help. A mental health professional can work with your child to develop coping strategies and provide additional support.

Bottom Line  

When it comes down to a severe case, parents must seek professional help to help reduce the effects of their children’s anxiety. I have discussed different ways of dealing with childhood anxiety in this article. Some of the solutions given here should also help children with anxiety to reduce its effects.

However, please contact an expert if it leads to severity. I hope that this article was helpful. Please use the comment box to leave your queries if you have any.

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Shahnawaz Alam
Shahnawaz is a passionate and professional Content writer. He loves to read, write, draw and share his knowledge in different niches like Technology, Cryptocurrency, Travel,Social Media, Social Media Marketing, and Healthcare.

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